Canada, penal voluntary sector, voluntary sector, statutory criminal justice system, crime, criminal justice, punishment, voluntary sector, youth justice
This paper draws on original empirical research in Ontario, Canada which analyses penal voluntary sector practice with youth in conflict with the law. I illustrate how youth penal voluntary sector practice (YPVS) operates alongside, or in tandem with the statutory criminal justice system. I argue that examining the PVS and the statutory criminal justice system simultaneously, or in tandem, provides fuller understandings of PVS inclusionary (and exclusionary) control practices (Tomczak and Thompson 2017). I introduce the concept of penultimate power, which demonstrates the ability of PVS workers to trigger criminal justice system response toward a young person in conflict with the law. My novel concepts of tandem logics and penultimate power are useful for understanding PVS practice, explaining how seemingly contradictory approaches across state and ‘community’ organizations not only co-exist, but depend upon the tandem relationship between the PVS and the statutory criminal justice system.
Faculty of Applied Health & Community Studies (FAHCS)
The Howard Journal of Crime and Justice
Peer Reviewed/Refereed Publication
© John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.
Original Publication Citation
Salole, A. (2019). ‘It's Kinda Punishment’: Tandem Logics and Penultimate Power in the Penal Voluntary Sector for Canadian Youth. The Howard Journal of Crime and Justice. 58 (3), 298-312. doi: 10.1111/hojo.12332
Salole, Abigail, "‘It’s Kinda Punishment’: Tandem Logics and Penultimate Power in the Penal Voluntary Sector for Canadian Youth" (2019). Publications and Scholarship. 39.