Document Type


Publication Date

Winter 2015


collective action, cross-group interaction, group-based emotion, position, supportiveness


Although positive cross-group contact can reduce prejudice, it also can undermine disadvantaged group members’ engagement in collective action (CA). However, some initial research suggests that contact with advantaged group members who are openly supportive of the disadvantaged group may not decrease, and may actually increase disadvantaged group members’ CA. This research used the unequal tuition fee increases at Simon Fraser University (SFU) to investigate international students’ CA intentions. We manipulated the contact partner’s (Canadian student) supportiveness and whether Canadian students directly benefited from the unequal tuition fee increases. The results indicated that when Canadian students were beneficiaries of the inequality, supportiveness from a Canadian student increased international students’ intentions of engaging in organizational disloyalty towards SFU (a form of CA) via increased group-based sadness. However, when Canadian students were bystanders, supportiveness decreased intentions of engaging in organizational disloyalty via reduced group-based sadness and fear.


02 November 2016: At the time of publication, Sheridan College author Lisa Droogendyk was associated with Simon Fraser University.


Faculty of Humanities & Social Sciences


School of Social and Life Sciences


Journal of Interpersonal Relations, Intergroup Relations and Identity


Publisher's version

Peer Reviewed/Refereed Publication


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Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Original Publication Citation

Qin, S., Droogendyk, L., & Wright, S.C. (2015). Cross-group relationships and collective action: How international students respond to unequal tuition fee increases? Journal of Interpersonal Relations, Intergroup Relations and Identity, 8(Winter), 10-22. Retrieved from