A Computational Approach for Regulation of Biomedical Waste Expulsion in a Novel Coronavirus Pandemic
Oshin Rawlley, Yatendra Sahu, Rajeev Kumar Gupta, Amit Kumar Mishra, Ramakant Bhardwaj, and Satyendra Narayan
The year 2020 for India turned out to be a nightmare for the world as the novel coronavirus penetrated every walk of our lives. In December 2019, the world got word of the pandemic caused by the novel coronavirus. On January 30, India reported its very first case in Kerala. The person had a travel history from Wuhan, China. Bygone times have also witnessed pandemics in every era. Right from the emergence of the 1720 plague, 1820 cholera, 1920 Spanish Flu, to COVID-2019, the epidemics have dilapidated the very foundation of the world in ways that have caused the very existential basis of humankind to be on crutches. The virus proliferated inevitably in nearby areas of Kerala, having a butterfly effect in continuation. In this situation, the health facilities were to be primed and proper management was required to 66cater to the mass outbreak of the sick. The medical homes showed a surge in contaminated waste expelled from the hospitals. This biomedical waste creates a nuisance to nature and to people trying to manage the biomedical waste produced by hospitals. One aspect of living, that being waste management, has been sparked. This chapter hogs the limelight specifically on the bio-medical waste management that is being produced in the course of COVID-19. With increasing demands and usage of medical equipment, PPEs, etc., health care waste generation shows a surging trend. The sophisticated methods for waste disposal can be used to achieve minimal damage to nature, which is the intention of this chapter. Since the anti-drug for COVID is yet to come, proper management of waste dispensing should be held in priority as it may further invite unprecedented diseases that may cause greater social upheaval. Also, we acknowledge certain positive effects of the coronavirus on nature, which we term ‘Lessons Learnt from Nature’.
Mouhamed Abdulla and Weijing Ma
The COVID-19 pandemic significantly disrupted the educational sector. Faced with this life-threatening pandemic, educators had to swiftly pivot to an alternate form of course delivery without severely impacting the quality of the educational experience. Following the transition to online learning, educators had to grapple with a host of challenges. With interrupted face-to-face delivery, limited access to state-of-the-art labs, barriers with educational technologies, challenges of academic integrity, and obstacles with remote teamwork and student participation, creative solutions were urgently needed. In this chapter, we provide a rationale for a variety of course delivery models at different stages of the pandemic and highlight the approaches we took to overcome some of the pressing challenges of remote education. We also discuss how we ensured that hands-on learning remains an integral part of engineering curricula, and we argue that some of the applied changes during the pandemic will likely serve as a catalyst for modernizing education.
Ramakant Bhardwaj, Jyoti Mishra, Satyendra Narayan, and Gopalakrishnan Suseendran
Applied science and engineering is the application of fundamental concepts and knowledge to design, build and maintain a product or a process, which provides a solution to a problem and fulfills a need. This book contains advanced topics in computational techniques across all the major engineering disciplines for undergraduate, postgraduate, doctoral and postdoctoral students. This will also be found useful for professionals in an industrial setting. It covers the most recent trends and issues in computational techniques and methodologies for applied sciences and engineering, production planning, and manufacturing systems. More importantly, it explores the application of computational techniques and simulations through mathematics in the field of engineering and the sciences.
Whether for the veteran engineer, scientist, student, or other industry professional, this volume is a must-have for any library. Useful across all engineering disciplines, it is a multifactional tool that can be put to use immediately in practical applications.
This groundbreaking new volume:
- Includes detailed theory with illustrations
- Uses an algorithmic approach for a unique learning experience
- Presents a brief summary consisting of concepts and formulae
- Is pedagogically designed to make learning highly effective and productive
- Is comprised of peer-reviewed articles written by leading scholars, researchers and professors
Analyzing the Effect of Choice and Availability in Healthcare on Health Outcomes in Canada – A Pre-COVID-19 Environment
Rohit Narayan and Satyendra Narayan
This research hypothesizes that greater availability of healthcare services, and greater choice in healthcare facilities results in better health when controlling for a variety of socio-economic factors within the Canadian context. This research will model access to healthcare services using density of general and specialist physicians relative to population size, and the geographic density of healthcare facilities. Choice in healthcare is modeled by the number of healthcare facilities in each health region, when normalized by the population in that health region.
Various health outcomes will be used as benchmarks to test this hypothesis, including self- reported general health, self-reported mental health, influenza immunization rates, body mass index (BMI), and incidence of diabetes, cardiovascular disease and hypertension.
From the empirical results, choice in the healthcare system does not have an impact on the selected health outcomes. Increased availability of healthcare generally improves health outcomes, but this is dependent on the health outcome in question, and the provincial region being analyzed.
Effects of Economic Liberalization on Poverty and Inequality in India – A Case Study of Pre-COVID-19 Period
Rohit Narayan and Satyendra Narayan
The purpose of this research is to study the effects of neoclassical trade liberalization policies enacted in India in 1991 to determine the effect on levels of poverty and income inequality. This research predicts that poverty and economic inequality will be reduced due to implementation of economic liberalization policies. The research uses empirical data from the National Sample Survey Organization (NSSO), in India and develops a regression model to determine the effects of economic liberalization on income inequality and absolute poverty. The results of the regression model suggest that income inequality and poverty decreased during the year liberalization policies were enacted, but is not statistically proven with enough confidence that liberalization is strongly correlated with a reduction in inequality and poverty. There is a weak statistical correlation that suggests inequality increased in the Indian urban sector, and decreased in the rural sector due to liberalization. In conjunction with a literature review where more robust data and econometric models are applied, the empirical analysis by complimented with the fact that in general income inequality decreased due to economic liberalization policies alone, holding all exogenous factors that affect income inequality constant. The literature review also confirms that poverty levels decreased with economic liberalization, holding all other exogenous factors that affect poverty constant. The implication of this research is that liberalization polices have been successful for overall development in India, and suggests that implementation of liberalization policies may be desirable in nations under similar circumstances as India in the era before its liberalization.
Adrian Bica, Saarinen Balagengatharadilak, and Dave Wackerlin
Welcome to Sheridan’s School of Architectural Technician/Technology printed portfolio volume 4. Student work has been amalgamated into a print and digital portfolio showing the academic excellence of our program. Student work in the book is largely from the course CADD 39788 Architectural Computer Visualisation with a few projects from other courses making guest appearances.
Faculty of Applied Science and Technology Sheridan College
Low-carbon building involves designing, constructing, operating, maintaining, and removing buildings in ways that conserve natural resources and reduce Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions. To move towards a low-carbon economy, we need tradespeople who are educated in the design, construction maintenance and operation of buildings, who understand the industrial and constructions sectors, and are trained in low-carbon building skills.
Sheridan College’s participation in the Low Carbon Building Skills (LCBS) project involved developing and delivering low-carbon building skills curriculum across relevant disciplines and involving the full building cycle, from design to operations and optimization. The learning modules address what can be done to reduce and/or eliminate the use of carbon in new and existing buildings from a variety of disciplines.
Designed for professors of Ontario Post Secondary institutions, access to course material is granted with verification of a post-secondary email address. Through instruction of the LCBS modules, students will gain experience in design, implementation, operation, optimization and troubleshooting of building systems which will lead to building with a net decrease in energy consumption and GHG production resulting in reduced carbon emissions within Ontario.
For access inquiries, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org
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School of Architectural Technology, Terence Davison, Ramiro Nolasco, Adrian Bica, and Dan Acimovic
This volume shows the work of the graduating students of the Architectural Technology programme. Once again, their hard work over three years of study shows both in the variety and in the quality of their work. The work presented here was prepared in a single course but it draws from all the courses in the programme. It reflects their capabilities in design, building science, legislation, regulations, graphical representation and technology. Each piece of work represents the individual blend of these that each student possesses. As they leave Sheridan they take with them a range of knowledge and skills that will start their careers. As their careers develop some will do exactly what they thought and more will move in completely new and unexpected directions. Please enjoy the work presented here and think of the future to come.
Lorraine Fraser, Mozammel Khan, Iain McNab, Jack Urowitz, Soumitra Nandi, Srinivas Ganapathyraju, Kam Ho, and Daniel Zrymiak
The original 2017 edition of this title was published in recognition of Dr. Mozammel Khan’s career in quality assurance instruction and positive impact on graduates of Sheridan College’s Quality Assurance Manfacturing Management program (PQUAS), with proceeds from the book supporting the Mozammel Khan scholarship Foundation. Khan, originally from Bangladesh, taught in Singapore before immigrating to Canada in the 1990s, where he founded the first post-secondary QA program of its kind in Ontario at Sheridan College.
Editor Lorraine Fraser collects heartfelt letters of appreciation to Khan from alumni of the PQUAS program, who share memories, successes and challenges from their time as students at Sheridan, as well as describing his impact on their careers in the field. In an autobiographical chapter, Khan shares his background in engineering and quality assurance, his journey as an immigrant, and his involvement in developing Sheridan’s PQUAS program. Dr. Iain McNab (Dean of Faculty of Applied Science and Technology) further discusses Khan’s personal history and career at Sheridan in an interview, while his political life and impact for other new immigrants are explored by Professor Jack Urowitz (Faculty of Animation, Art and Design) and Dr. Soumitra Nandi (Faculty of Applied Science and Technology).
School of Architectural Technology, Adrian Bica, David Peterson, Ken Snell, Shannon Pirie, Tawfik Kettanah, Vito Picicci, Diana Ghousy, Nicollo Abe, Refaat Hossaini, Qi Wang, Erika Wood, Sonaly Francis, Guka Yoga, Nataliya Yatsenko, Kayla Robinson, Ajitha Manoharan, Kaifei Feng, Jerry Guo, Jad Asma, Simran Kaur Ahluwalia, Lukas Macha, Harrison Dell, Tabinda Begum, Luc Suh, Parmraj Khosa, Cathryn Tran, Nicholas Skubic, Deanna Shields, Gabriela Betancourt, Hadee Khamush, Ederlyn Sanchez, Jessica Owsianka, Oksana Yarmolovych, Lipton Su, Hayley Perrin, and Daniel Ferraro
Welcome to Sheridan’s School of Architectural Technician/Technology printed portfolio volume 2. A combination of student work as well as faculty research has once again been been amalgamated into a print and digital portfolio showing the academic excellence of our program.
Student work in the book is largely from the course CADD 39788 Architectural Computer Visualisation with a few projects from other courses making guest appearances.
Our faculty research section near the back of the book offers insights into the professional interests and engagements of Sheridan professors.
School of Architectural Technology, Dave Wackerlin, Adrian Bica, Daniel Rafique, Vito Picicci, Jordan Martin, Tawfik Kettanah, Ramiro Nolasco, David Peterson, Shannon Pirie, Mohammed Al-Hamdi, Farwa Aslam, Pawanpreet Banwait, Eric Cheng, Yu Wei Cheng, Mark Flores, Soni Hanspal, Ryley Harris, Jaber Inyat, Bryce Jarman, Paulina Kozera, Yue Lin, Sarah Mahdi, Hassan Mahmood, Patrick Nguyen, Juan Ortiz, Amish Patel, Vikash Patel, Kanwaljeet Paul, Tyler Pennington, Jonathan Pivato, Brent Ramnath, Muneet Singh, James Suttak, Matt Tam, and Jonathon Tirabassi
Welcome to Sheridan’s School of Architectural Technician/Technology inaugural printed portfolio. This volume is a celebration of the architectural achievements of Sheridan students. Much of the content presented here has been incubated in CADD39788, Architectural Computer Visualisation. Inside you will find an amalgamation of student and faculty work put together into a publication that reflects the rich theatre of creativity and complexity that is architectural education here at Sheridan. Student work within the magazine is from the last year of studies in the Architectural Technology program. Each student has selected their best work to represent some of the skills that they have learned over the years as part of Sheridan.
Faculty work is a selection of research, teaching, and professional projects that represents that quality and diversity of educators that serve not only as teachers, but also as mentors to our students. They showcase the talent and skill of some of the individuals that make the Sheridan program a reality.
Andy Alubaidy, Krishnan Venkatakrishnan, and Bo Tan
The book Advances in Nanofibers is a research publication that covers original research on developments within the Nanofibers field of study. The book is a collection of reviewed scholarly contributions written by different authors. Each scholarly contribution represents a chapter and each chapter is complete in itself but related to the major topics and objectives. The target audience comprises scholars and specialists in the field.
Chapter 7 "Nanofibers Reinforced Polymer Composite Microstructures," by Andy Alubaidy, Krishnan Venkatakrishnan, and Bo Tan is designed to be a comprehensive source for nanofibers reinforced polymer studies. The fundamental properties, manufacturing techniques, and applications of nanofibers reinforced polymer materials are discussed. In addition, this chapter introduce an in depth scientific framework for the advances in nanofibers reinforced polymer researches as well as scientific principles and mechanisms in relation to the methods of fabrication of reinforced microstructuring with a discussion on potential commercial applications. The mechanical, electrical, and magnetic properties of nanofibers reinforced polymer microstructures will be the focus of this chapter. It also offers an in depth discussion on methodology, modeling, characterization, fabrication, and applications for nanofibers reinforced polymers.
Ricardo Salmon, Cristina Ribeiro, and Swathi Amarala
There are a number of quality news sources available on the Internet. Searching through all these sources for facts related to a certain subject would be exhaustive for a user. We developed a niche sentence level search engine called News Fact Finder in order to provide users with factual information relevant to the query. Sentence level search is based on the intuition that if all the query words are within the same sentence, that result is more relevant than a result containing the query words in remote parts of the text. We therefore use suffix arrays which excel at exact substring matching to index our database. Our framework uses a Naive Bayes classifier for classification of sentences as facts and opinions. Ranking was performed at the document level, such that a document with many related facts would be ranked higher. News Fact Finder performs competitively on a large collection of news documents in providing relevant fact-based results to users. This is a novel approach to perform quality-based searching, ranking, indexing and categorization of news information.
Experimental and CFD Study of the Effects of Design Parameters on Reynolds Number in a Short Duration Hypersonic Test Facility
Amir Alfalahi, T. F. Yusaf, and M. Z. Yusoff
The first phase of this paper is aimed to develop a standard test procedure to check the effects of the design parameters (e.g. diaphragm pressure ratio, speed of sound ratio, temperature ratios, and geometry) in a short-duration hypersonic test facility that build at the Universiti Tenaga Nasional “UNITEN” in Malaysia on Reynolds number. The facility has been designed, built, and commissioned for different values of diaphragm pressure ratios and Mach number. A theoretical model was developed to evaluate the Mach number values as a function of diaphragm pressure ratio for different working fluids. The second phase is to run experimental tests for different operating conditions. The calculated parameters which are pressure, temperature and velocity were very comparable to the practical results. A high precision in house made thermocouple was used to measure the temperature profile during the facility operation. A numerical transient heat transfer mathematical model was developed to evaluate the heat flux from the surface temperature history. Comparing these results with a CFD model using commercial software Fluent was found to be much matched. The principle of operation and the reasoning behind building such a facility are explained, and the governing equations for the shock tube are presented. The selection of the shock tube parameters is explained.