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digital history, low countries, water management, Netherlands, Dutch revolt, Dutch wars of Independence, military inundations, floods, environmental history, military history, All Saints Day Flood


The late 1500s was a difficult period for the Dutch in terms of water management. Over the course of the century, the regional water management boards had difficult maintaining the flood defenses, as a result natural floods became more frequent and devastating, as evidence in the All Saints Day Flood in 1570. At the same time, the Dutch Wars of Independence erupted, which exacerbated the problems through the addition of countless man-made floods, carried out to secure military objectives. These military inundations were ubiquitous and accompanied nearly every single military encounter. This digital history exhibit provides a brief account of the natural and military inundations during the Dutch Wars of Independence. Along with providing a general overview of the nature of the inundations, it examines the strategic floods during the encounters at Brill, Alkmaar, Leiden, Antwerp and numerous others.


To use the Interactive Inundation Map, go to Robert Tiegs' website at


Faculty of Humanities & Social Sciences (FHASS)

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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.


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